What's Healthy and What's Not?
And what about those new metal cooling pipes that claim a healthier smoke?
What does science reveal about Fire, Cooling the Smoke, Screens, Bowl design & other factors?
Information below is based on cannabis smokers reaching their specific desired level of cannabinoids and the level of harm incurred in doing so. The top 3 noted with * *
A recent study confirmed that people who only smoke cannabis, are not getting cancer of the lungs. Yet, people are experiencing varying amounts of harm based on their smoking methods and techniques.
It's not uncommon to see cannabis smokers using bacteria infested moldy pipes and similar devices with no screen or filtration! Chunks of hot burning material and particulates enter the mouth, throat and lungs leaving devastation in their wake. Many are experiencing respiratory damage and conditions including chronic bronchitis, frequent coughing, excessive phlegm production, wheezing, chest congestion, and more.
An increasing number of people are smoking cannabis to treat their health conditions. Harmful smoking methods increase harm to already damaged immune systems and many have serious lung conditions like COPD. Reduction of smoke toxins and particulates is a huge issue for patients who only get pain reduction or other symptomatic relief by smoking cannabis.
Are water pipes or metal cooling pipes the answer? What do they really remove? The answer may surprise you!
What about the common roll your own Joint?
To answer these questions, we must first examine 7 scientific factors that bear directly on this subject.
Lets call them puzzle pieces.
I. Fire Kills Cannabinoids on Contact
All flames destroy Desired Elements on Contact!
All Cannabinoids/Terpenes/Flavonoids are vaporized between 125°F & 500°F. (see chart) These are volatile elements, which means, they are destroyed easily with higher temperatures. What temperature kills? Scientists theorize that cannabinoids are destroyed at only a few hundred degrees above their vaping temp. Let's say for the sake of argument, that when heated to 1000°F, they are all destroyed. What do you think direct contact with a Flame does? Lighters, matches, wicks, torch lighters; have flame temperatures that vary from 2000°F to 3500°F. True, a wick flame is cooler than a torch lighter, yet it's more about technique than the temperature of the flame. Even a candle can get above 2500°F.
Holding the flame to the smoking material while inhaling is counterproductive because you are destroying the elements you want to preserve. Fire abuse is the biggest killer of Cannabinoids! Remove the Flame!
*Avoiding fire abuse increases desired elements thereby reducing smoke toxins & particulates inhaled to reach your specific desired level of cannabinoids.*
The First piece of the puzzle is Avoid Fire Abuse!
II. Bowl Design
How does the bowl shape and design affect extraction and harm? Traditional tobacco pipes have cylindrical shaped bowls that are packed with special pipe tools. This allows tobacco pipe smokers to burn the tobacco slowly, to extract flavors without destroying them. Why do cannabis smokers use half round or V shaped bowls that don't pack & don't accept screens? Who knows, but they have permeated the industry.
The reason a bowl design, which facilitates both firm packing of the herb and precise draft control, is so important when smoking cannabis, is because a hard draw increases the temperature significantly killing tremendous amounts of your desired elements. A Fire Free Slow Draw extracts desired elements at a very high rate with gentle heat release.
The bowl shape does matter. The proper lighting technique for a Fire Free Slow Draw, only works if the bowl design allows the herb to be packed and burned slowly with the fire removed. A cylindrical shaped bowl works best for firm packing. Grinding up your herb is highly recommended for high rate extraction. Make it a habit to never inhale when lighting up or anytime you apply the flame.
A bowl design that can retain a screen is critical for (1)firm packed draft control for high rate extraction and (2)containment for full extraction. Without a screen, it just doesn't work. The Patented PerfectPipe® Bowl retains a screen and is designed to optimize a Fire Free Slow Draw.
*Slow draw high rate extraction is the second area discussed so far that reduces smoke toxins & particulates inhaled to reach your specific desired level of cannabinoids.*
The Second piece of the puzzle is Bowl Design that promotes a Fire Free Slow Draw!
The purpose of a screen is to contain the burning material in the bowl where it belongs for complete extraction of desired elements. A screen will reduce the size of the burning particulates inhaled, and yet, when using just a screen alone, you will burn your throat, possibly leading to chronic throat infections, and you still inhale the ash and burning particulates that make it through the screen.
Most people are not even using a screen in their pipes allowing even larger burning chunks to do their damage. Today's Glass Pipes were not designed to retain a screen, with the exception of the PerfectPipe®. Screens should be Stainless Steel to prevent melting and dangerous degassing associated with brass screens. Stainless Steel Screens are very durable and do not need to be changed often.
The screen plays a huge roll in being able to control the drafting when the herb is firm packed. As mentioned earlier, a screen is essential to achieve high rate extraction of desired elements.
The Third piece of the puzzle is a Stainless Steel Screen!
IV. Micro Fiber Filter
Research shows that we inhale 2 to 3 times the amount of TAR (Total Aerosol Residue) when smoking without a filter and these studies did not even measure burning particulates!
Using simple micron filtration in stages is crucial to eliminating burning particulates which cause severe damage to the mouth, throat and lungs! Using a micro fiber filter also significantly reduces heat & ash. As noted above, even if your smoking device has a screen of some type, a screen alone is not enough, you need both! Adding a micro fiber filter results in huge reduction of harm. The trick is to get the vaporized desired elements through the filter above their vapor/boiling temperature, which we now know can be done with the right configuration.
When you use the PerfectPipe®, with a Fire Free Slow Draw, desired elements pass through the clean filter above their vaping temp to you.
*The Micro Fiber Filter is now the third area in which we see significant decrease in smoke toxins & particulates inhaled while reaching your specific desired level of cannabinoids. And now, there are no burning particulates inhaled, which is huge in harm reduction science. The micro fiber filter results in cool flavorful powerpacked hits. To see how much a micro fiber filter prevents from entering your lungs, take a look at how dirty the filter gets from just one bowl of use.* (see picture)
The Forth piece of the puzzle is a Micro Fiber Filter!
Pipes get mold and bacteria growing inside them. Not using a screen allows unburned organic material to lodge inside the pipe resulting in mold. And of course, there are lots of particulates stuck to the resin inside the pipe, making a filthy mess. Moisture and saliva mix in with the mess increasing bacteria growth.
You cannot see inside many smoking devices, making it easy to ignore this serious health risk. Some pipe smokers do not clean their pipes often or thoroughly. To be honest, the shape of most smoking devices are just Not Cleaning Friendly.
Using cleaning chemicals is risky since they can be absorbed into the resin that is left behind in corners or places you cannot see, causing additional harm by inhaling harmful chemicals. You must be able to clean your pipe completely! Using Clear glass, or partially clear, allows for visual inspection so you can be sure it's clean.
Smoking devices should be designed so that all inside surfaces can be reached with a brush.
All PerfectPipe® kits come with a simple cleaning system & they clean up like new forever.
The Fifth piece of the puzzle is Cleaning Friendly Devices!
VI. Heat and Burn Damage
The heat entering the mouth when smoking with an unfiltered pipe is severe. Handheld portable smoking devices; Glass Pipes, Metal Pipes, One Hitters, Chillums, Bats, Sneakatokes, whatever the name, have two things in common; they are all too small to effectively cool the smoke and provide no protection.
Some Tobacco pipe smokers get cancer of the tongue and throat. Continued burn damage is a factor in this problem. Did you know that tobacco pipe smokers don't draw hard or inhale the smoke?
Cannabis pipe smokers draw harder, and inhale deeply, which significantly increases respiratory harm risks. Using a screen is helpful in reducing the size of burning particulates inhaled, but it's just not enough by itself. Adding a second level of smaller micron filtration helps to significantly reduce heat and burn damage due to the elimination of burning particulates & heat reduction of gases as they pass through the filter. It is also very important for cannabis smokers to utilize a Fire Free Slow Draw to reduce heat entering the mouth and at the same time extract higher levels of their desired elements. Keep it cool!
The Sixth piece of the puzzle is to avoid Heat & Burning!
Some will say "That's What Water Is For!" Let's now examine this issue.
VII. Water Filtration
What have scientific studies shown to be actually removed by water?
Studies show that water filtration results in extreme loss of THC/CBD/Terpenes/etc., but does not remove the harmful elements that many have claimed it does.
First, gaseous bubbles passing through water is not true filtration. A more appropriate term is "water scrubbing" since only the particulates and toxins at the outer edges of the bubbles have even the possibility of being removed. And, science shows that particulates/toxins tend to bounce off of the inside of the bubble walls and are highly resistant to water absorbtion. They stay in the bubble! Water scrubbing is very inefficient in removing particulates and toxins.
Some say that THC is not water soluble and therefore cannot be removed by the water. They are partly correct, water scrubbing is not responsible for the removal of the THC. So what scientific factor is responsible for the THC loss? (continue reading)
Secondly, water does cool the smoke very well, and, this is the heart of the problem! Science says "Water scrubbing easily removes VOC's" (Volatile Organic Compounds include flavors, cannabinoids, etc. that vaporize at low temperatures) by cooling & condensing them on top of the water or other surfaces. What does that mean?
Lets break this down a little more. Cannabinoids/Terpenes/Flavonoids vaporize between 125°F & 500°F.
THC vaporizes at 315°F. (see chart) Water reduces the temperature of your Desired Elements well below their vaping/boiling temperatures. Your desired vaporized elements then return to their liquid/oil state, drop out of the vapor stream and settle onto surfaces. This is called condensation. The amount of condensation loss is relative to the level of cooling exposure. Larger more efficient water scrubbing devices which utilize more bubblers and diffusers will result in complete removal of your desired elements!
On top of it all, many water pipes are not cleaned often or thoroughly enough resulting in serious mold and bacteria concerns. Bacteria in bongs produce biofilm that is antibiotic resistant. Those with weakened immune systems and autoimmune diseases are especially vulnerable to these serious health risks.
Water filtration fools people into thinking it's better because it cools the smoke, when it's actually significantly increasing lung harm, immune system damage & toxins in the blood. Bong users are inhaling extremely higher levels of ash and toxins to reach their specific desired level of cannabinoids.
Repeated bong abuse has resulted in chronic cyclic vomiting episodes and emergency room visits.
In this writers humble opinion, the Bong is the most harmful smoking method used today!
The Seventh and final piece of the puzzle is Never Use Water!
Metal Cooling Pipes
There are some new aluminum pipes on the market that claim to cool and filter. (Genius & Journey, up to now) They have very persuasive websites. Well, they do cool, but filter they do not! They don't have a filter, just a screen (or similar) to stop large chunks. By now you probably already have figured out that if these pipes cool the smoke below desired elements vaping temperature, they will remove your desired elements, and that is exactly what they do when you draw slowly. These pipes do not block burning particulates or ash! They fool you by cooling, just like the bong does, when what they are really doing is removing your desired elements causing you to inhale more bad stuff. Drawing hard enough to overcome the removal of your desired elements results in even more harm. Cooling based metal pipes are not smart!
"Rolled in paper" joint smokers see the bulk of their ash fall away and burning particulates are reduced by passing through the length of herb. The common joint, without using a filter, has been shown to reduce harmful factors and deliver higher levels of your desired elements, compared to all other smoking methods tested. Of course, they did not have the PerfectPipe® to test. The common unfiltered joint is smarter to smoke than fancy unfiltered pipes, water pipes or bongs!
Don't bother trying to put a filter on a joint. It does remove THC just like you were told! Turns out it was not a myth, it is science. The cannabinoids must be kept above vaping/boiling temperature to get them through a filter. The length of herb in a joint cools the smoke enough to start condensing cannabinoids onto the herb and paper before they get to the filter. The filter will clog up with cannabinoids/THC from the very first hit and it goes straight downhill from there.
When smoking with an unfiltered joint, your desired elements that get deposited/condensed on the herb and paper are re-vaporized and inhaled to some degree as you smoke down the length of the joint. This recovery cannot take place with desired elements trapped in a filter. And, the filter increases the rate of removal of desired elements as the joint gets shorter and the filter becomes more clogged.
The common unfiltered joint would be this writers second choice of smoking method.
It may seem socially rude to refuse a hit off a friends pipe or bong. Isn't your health more important?
Just say no thank you! And what a loving thing if you are able to help them!
The PerfectPipe® incorporates all of the above science into a very simple device. Yes, I am the inventor and admittedly biased. It's my pleasure to share this science with you. It is my sincere desire to reduce smoking harm for cannabis patients and recreational users. The PerfectPipe® really does stop the cough. It might take time to undo the damage, but I am imploring you to trust the science. You will so appreciate the small amount you will be smoking. Good health to you all. We really do feel a family connection to our customers. Your appreciative testimonials fill us with happiness. Thank you for reading this page on Cannabis Smoking Health!
This statistical data below was accumulated from Tobacco Pipe Smokers who primarily don't use Filters. More studies need to be done that differentiate the results based on filtration.
"Pipe smokers have an increased risk of dying from cancers of the lung, lip, throat, esophagus, larynx, pancreas, and colon and rectum."-Ref: :http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/tobacco-related-cancer-fact-sheet
"Pipe smokers are particularly prone to oral cancers, most commonly of the lips, tongue, roof and floor of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, and esophagus. Each year, about 7,600 people in the United States die from oral cancer -- the eighth most common cancer in the world --- and the primary causes were tobacco and alcohol use, according to the National Cancer Institute." - Ref:http://consumer.healthday.com/encyclopedia/cancer-8/mis-cancer-news-102/pipe-smoking-645343.html
"A burn or scar from hot smoke is what you are trying to avoid. This can lead to cancer. Don't leave the pipe clenched in your teeth in one position touching your tongue for a long time. Move the pipe around your mouth as you smoke. Sip your pipe like a fine wine, don't draw heavily. Always drink while you smoke. This helps cool the mouth, quench the thirst from dry smoke, coat the mouth from hot smoke, and wash away any hot debris. Water, sodas, coffee, tea are fine. Don't drink anything very hot though. However, sorry everyone, do not drink alcohol while you smoke. The combination of alcohol and smoke is not just a linear risk, but exponential. This is a huge mistake most smokers make. The alcohol destroys the flora and protective lining of mucus in the mouth. Then the hot smoke will directly come in contact with the unprotected mouth lining. Drink alcohol only after you smoke. Smoking depletes the body of vitamins A and C. Take up to 3000 mg of VC a day. Also take selenium and other antioxidants that will help buffer your body from free radicals, cancer and anti-aging." - Ref:http://www.seattlepipeclub.org/content.aspx?page_id=22&club_id=969877&module_id=17020
"Hookah smoking is usually a social event in which smokers talk as they pass the pipe around. It's thought of as a safer alternative to cigarettes because the percentage of tobacco in the product smoked is low and people think the water filters out the toxins. This is false. The water does not filter out many of the toxins. In fact, hookah smoke contains more toxins such as nicotine, carbon monoxide, tar, heavy metals, and other hazardous substances, than cigarette smoke. And users breathe in secondhand smoke, as well as toxins released from the heat sources used to burn hookah tobacco. It has been suggested that in a typical 1-hour hookah smoking session, users may breathe in 100 to 200 times the amount of smoke, 9 times the amount of carbon dioxide, and nearly twice the amount of nicotine they would get from one cigarette." "Several types of cancer have been linked to hookah smoking, including lung, mouth, and bladder cancer. Hookah use is also linked to other unique risks not found with cigarette smoking. For example, infectious diseases can be spread by sharing the pipe or through the way the tobacco is prepared." - Ref:http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/is-any-type-of-smoking-safe
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